Tuesday, November 7, 2017

A Nation Under Siege Due to Mass Shootings

University of Alabama criminology professor Adam Lankford's international research on gun ownership comes to the conclusion that "the only variable that can explain the high rate of mass shootings in America is its astronomical number of guns" ("What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer," The New York Times, November 7, 2017).

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to mass shootings at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • firearms crime
  • firearms law
  • firearms ownership
  • gun control
  • mass murder
  • violent crimes
ABC-CLIO, 2017
call number: 363.33 Car

This title "provides a balanced view of the contemporary gun debate in the United States, explaining the positions of both gun rights proponents and advocates of stricter gun control without demonizing either and . . . presents current and historical data on U.S. gun violence--including homicides, suicides, and accidental shoots--and places these numbers against international statistics on gun violence, thereby providing the context to enable readers to reach their own opinion on the gun debate." - publisher's summary excerpt

Mass Shootings: Media, Myths, and Realities by H. Jaymi Elsass and Jaclyn Schildkraut
Praeger, 2016
call number: 364.152 Sch

"This book provides readers and researchers with a critical examination of mass shootings. . .
* Tackles common misconceptions about mass shootings perpetrated by and through the media and provides information that grounds the realities of such events in empirical evidence
* Explores the history of mass shootings, both before and after the infamous 1999 Columbine High School event and shootings that occurred in and out of schools
* Addresses common myths associated with mass shooting events by the media, such as how often and where they occur and the absence of any warning signs
* Helps readers understand the realities of these events, including their international reach, the potential warning signs, and how evidence associated with the events can provide clues into why they occurred" - publisher's summary excerpt

Prometheus, 2016
call number: 363.33 Kla

"In the past decade, no individual act of violence has killed more people in the United States than the mass shooting. . . Why do people go on killing sprees? Are gun-free zones magnets for deadly rampages? What can we do to curb the carnage of this disturbing form of firearm violence? Contrary to conventional wisdom, the author shows that gun possession often prods aggrieved, mentally unstable individuals to go on shooting sprees; these attacks largely occur in places where guns are not prohibited by law; and sensible gun control measures like the federal assault weapons ban-which helped drastically reduce rampage violence when it was in effect-are instrumental to keeping Americans safe from mass shootings in the future. To stem gun massacres, the author proposes several original policy prescriptions, including a high-capacity magazine ban and buy-back program, the establishment of multi-jurisdictional task forces to assess active shooter threats, and an overhaul of the way the justice system investigates and prosecutes violent crimes." - publisher's summary excerpt


Monday, October 16, 2017

Mother Ignores Court Order to Vaccinate Child and Lands in Jail

After a divorced mother took a stand against vaccinating her child on religious reasons, a judge sided with the father who wanted to protect his child from serious illness by getting the shots ("The Mother Jailed for Refusing to Vaccinate Her Son Says She Would 'Do It All Over Again,'" Washington Post, October 13, 2017). Now the child has been vaccinated while in the temporary custody of the father. While most states give parents the option to not vaccinate a child for religious reasons, this case (and coincidentally, another current case in the same judge's court) focuses on the father's right to decide on his child's care.

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to vaccinations at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • immunization
  • vaccination
  • vaccines
The Vaccine Race: Science, Politics, and the Human Costs of Defeating Disease by Meredith Wadman
Viking, 2017
call number: 614.523 Wad

"The epic and controversial story of a major breakthrough in cell biology that led to the conquest of rubella and other devastating diseases. Until the late 1960s, tens of thousands of American children suffered crippling birth defects if their mothers had been exposed to rubella, popularly known as German measles, while pregnant; there was no vaccine and little understanding of how the disease devastated fetuses. In June 1962, a young biologist in Philadelphia, using tissue extracted from an aborted fetus from Sweden, produced safe, clean cells that allowed the creation of vaccines against rubella and other common childhood diseases. Two years later, in the midst of a devastating German measles epidemic, his colleague developed the vaccine that would one day wipe out homegrown rubella. The rubella vaccine and others made with those fetal cells have protected more than 150 million people in the United States, the vast majority of them preschoolers. The new cells and the method of making them also led to vaccines that have protected billions of people around the world from polio, rabies, chicken pox, measles, hepatitis A, shingles and adenovirus." - publisher's summary excerpt

Deadliest Enemy: Our War against Killer Germs by Michael T. Osterholm and Mark Olshaker
Little, Brown, 2017
call number: 614.4 Ost

"Drawing on the latest medical science, case studies, policy research, and hard-earned epidemiological lessons, Deadliest Enemy explores the resources and programs we need to develop if we are to keep ourselves safe from infectious disease. " - publisher's summary excerpt

Vaccination and Its Critics: A Documentary and Reference Guide by Lisa Rosner
ABC-CLIO, 2017
call number: on order

"This authoritative and unbiased narrative--supported by 50 primary source documents--follows the history of vaccination, highlighting essential medical achievements and ongoing controversies." - publisher's summary excerpt

Calling the Shots: Why Parents Reject Vaccines by Jennifer A. Reich
NYU Press, 2016
call number: 614.47 Rei

"A rich, multi-faceted examination into the attitudes and beliefs of parents who choose not to immunize their children . . . Calling the Shots offers a unique opportunity to understand the points of disagreement on what is best for children, communities, and public health, and the ways in which we can bridge these differences." - publisher's summary excerpt


Monday, September 18, 2017

Alcohol Abuse Study Exposes Problem Drinking

A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that close to 13% of adults in the United States are alcoholics, a figure that soared almost 50% over the most recent study some ten years earlier ("One in Eight Americans Is an Alcoholic," New York Daily News, August 15, 2017). Those seeing the biggest increases in alcoholism include women, African- Americans, and individuals 45+ years old.

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to alcoholism and substance abuse at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • alcohol use
  • alcoholics rehabilitation
  • alcoholism treatment
  • controlled drinking
  • substance abuse treatment
  • youth substance abuse
The 30-Day Sobriety Solution: How to Cut Back or Quit Drinking in the Privacy of Your Own Home by Jack Canfield and Dave Andrews
Atria Books, 2016
call number: 616.891 Can

"Integrating neuroscience, cognitive therapy, proven tools, and teachings, The 30-Day Sobriety Solution is a clear, practical daily program that will help you achieve your goals--whether that's getting sober or just cutting back--and create positive, permanent change in your life." - publisher's summary excerpt

St. Martin's Press, 2016
call number: 362.29 Sza

"Unbroken Brain offers a radical and groundbreaking new perspective, arguing that addictions are learning disorders and shows how seeing the condition this way can untangle our current debates over treatment, prevention and policy. Like autistic traits, addictive behaviors fall on a spectrum - and they can be a normal response to an extreme situation. By illustrating what addiction is, and is not, the book illustrates how timing, history, family, peers, culture and chemicals come together to create both illness and recovery - and why there is no "addictive personality" or single treatment that works for all." - publisher's summary excerpt

Youth Substance Abuse: A Reference Handbook by David E. Newton
ABC-CLIO, 2016
call number: 362.29 New

"Includes sections on risks of drinking alcohol, restrictions on drinking alcohol, 'hard' liquor, and demographics of alcohol consumption." - publisher's table of contents excerpt

"Alcohol Use Among Special Populations"
Volume 38, Number 1, 2016
Alcohol Research: Current Reviews (the peer-reviewed Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism)

Special Section: Drinking Over the Lifespan
"Explores how biological and demographic characteristics, life experiences, and their interactions influence the likelihood that a person will develop alcohol-related problems. Some factors put an individual at greater risk, whereas others are protective. Contributors also look at population-based differences in access to alcohol treatment and highlight the value of tailoring interventions to the needs of specific groups." - publisher's summary excerpt