Monday, July 31, 2017

President Trump Speaks on Treatment of Suspects by Police

In a recent speech on how to handle gang violence, President Trump suggested that the need to protect suspects from injury during arrest should not be of primary concern to law enforcement. ("Trump to Police: 'Please Don't Be Too Nice' to Suspects," ABC News, July 28, 2017). "When you see these thugs being thrown into the back of a paddy wagon, you just seen them thrown in, rough. I said, 'Please don’t be too nice,'" he said. Trump expressed similar sentiments in the past when confronted with individuals speaking against him in a public forum, "Get him out," he said of a protester. "Try not to hurt him. If you do, I'll defend you in court. Don't worry about it."

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to treatment of suspects by police at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • law enforcement ethical
  • police brutality
  • police-community relations
  • police corruption
  • police misconduct
  • police shootings
  • police United States
  • racial profiling
Police Use of Force: Important Issues Facing the Police and the Communities They Serve edited by Michael Palmiotto
CRC Press, 2017
call number: 363.232 Pol (on order)

"Police Use of Force presents readers with critical and timely issues facing police and the communities they serve when police encounters turn violent. Dr. Palmiotto offers in-depth coverage of the use of force, deadly force, non-lethal weapons, militarization of policing, racism and profiling, legal cases, psychology, perception and training, and violence prevention." - publisher's summary excerpt

Scribner, 2017
call number: 363.209 Cam

"From 1996 through 2014 Charles Campisi headed NYPD's Internal Affairs Bureau, working under four police commissioners and gaining a reputation as hard-nosed and incorruptible. When he retired, only one man on the 36,000-member force had served longer. During Campisi's IAB tenure, the number of New Yorkers shot, wounded, or killed by cops every year declined by ninety percent, and the number of cops failing integrity tests shrank to an equally startling low. But to achieve those exemplary results, Campisi had to triple IAB's staff, hire the very best detectives, and put the word out that bad apples wouldn't be tolerated…Blue on Blue puts us in the scene, allowing us to listen in on wiretaps and feel the adrenaline rush of drawing in the net. It also reveals new threats to the force, such as the possibility of infiltration by terrorists." - publisher's summary excerpt


Black and Blue: Inside the Divide Between the Police and Black America by Jeff Pegues
Prometheus Books, 2017
call number: 363.208 Peg

"CBS News Justice and Homeland Security Correspondent Jeff Pegues provides unbiased facts, statistics, and perspectives from both sides of the community-police divide…How do police officers perceive the people of color who live in high-crime areas? How are they viewed by the communities that they police? Pegues explores these questions and more through interviews not only with police chiefs, but also officers on the ground, both black and white. In addition, he goes to the front lines of the debate as crime spikes in some of the nation's major cities…Turning to possible solutions, the author summarizes the best recommendations from police chiefs, politicians, and activists. Readers will not only be informed but learn what they can do about tensions with police in their communities." - publisher's summary excerpt

To Protect and Serve: How to Fix America's Police by Norm Stamper
Nation Books, 2016
call number: 363.209 Sta

"Former Seattle Police Chief Norm Stamper delivers a revolutionary new model for American law enforcement: the community-based police department. It calls for fundamental changes in the federal government's role in local policing as well as citizen participation in all aspects of police operations: policymaking, program development, crime fighting and service delivery, entry-level and ongoing education and training, oversight of police conduct, and--especially relevant to today's challenges--joint community-police crisis management. Nothing will ever change until the system itself is radically restructured, and here Stamper shows us how." - publisher's summary excerpt

Monday, June 12, 2017

Are We Really Ready for Self-Driving Cars?

Numerous safety, legal, ethical, and logistical issues still exist as governments, industry, and consumers weigh the benefits of self-driving automobiles ("The Long, Winding Road for Driverless Cars," The Economist, May 25, 2017). This article discusses the different levels of autonomous vehicles from 1 (think cruise control) to 5 (fully automatic without a human in all types of driving conditions).

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to autonomous vehicles at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • automobiles automatic control
  • autonomous vehicles
  • traffic safety technological innovations
Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming edited by Paul Hawken
Penguin Books, 2017
call number: 363.738 Dra (on order)

"Renowned environmentalist Paul Hawken has assembled a team of over 200 scholars, scientists, policymakers, business leaders and activists to illustrate the hundred most substantive solutions to combat climate change that together will not only slow down the growth of carbon emissions, but reverse them altogether (including a chapter on autonomous vehicles)." - publisher's summary excerpt

Robots by John M. Jordan
MIT Press, 2016
call number: 629.892 Jor (on order)

"He offers a guided tour of robotics today, describing the components of robots, the complicating factors that make robotics so challenging, and such applications as driverless cars, unmanned warfare, and robots on the assembly line." - publisher's summary excerpt



Driverless: Intelligent Cars and the Road Ahead by Hod Lipson and Melba Kurman 
MIT Press, 2016
call number: 388.342 Lip

"In this book, Hod Lipson (Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Columbia University) and Melba Kurman offer readers insight into the risks and benefits of driverless cars and a lucid and engaging explanation of the enabling technology. Recent advances in software and robotics are toppling long-standing technological barriers that for decades have confined self-driving cars to the realm of fantasy. A new kind of artificial intelligence software called deep learning gives cars rapid and accurate visual perception. Human drivers can relax and take their eyes off the road. When human drivers let intelligent software take the wheel, driverless cars will offer billions of people all over the world a safer, cleaner, and more convenient mode of transportation. Although the technology is nearly ready, car companies and policy makers may not be. " - publisher's summary excerpt

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

No Reason to Tolerate Sexual Harassment

Two U.S. Naval Academy professors speak about rampant disrespect of women via recent cases of sexual harassment (although men can be victims of such harsh treatment, too) in military and civilian life ("Too Many Men Are Silent Bystanders to Sexual Harassment," Harvard Business Review, March 13, 2017). They suggest that all men must display the "moral courage to stand up to such behavior."

Review selected hard copy/online library books related to sexual harassment at LSC-CyFair Branch Library. Click the title of a listed item, select the "Place Hold" button in the listing, and enter your library card number and PIN for each title you want to request for pick up at the library.

Use these subject words and phrases to find more information in the library catalog:
  • sex discrimination against women
  • sexual harassment
  • women's rights
Because of Sex: One Law, Ten Cases, and Fifty Years That Changed American Women's Lives at Work by Gillian Thomas
St. Martin's Press, 2016
call number: 344.73 Tho

"The 1964 Civil Rights Act is best known as a monumental achievement of the civil rights movement, but it also revolutionized the lives of American women. Title VII of the law made it illegal to discriminate "because of sex." But Congress gave little guidance about how much it wanted to change in a "Mad Men" world where women played mainly supporting roles. . .This book includes a chapter about Mechelle Vinson, whose years of sexual abuse by her boss showed that sexual harassment is just as much a denial of equal opportunity as a lower paycheck." - publisher's summary excerpt

Women's Rights in the USA: Policy Debates and Gender Roles (5th edition) by Dorothy E. McBride and Janine A. Parry
Routledge, 2016
call number: on order

"This title is a resource for the inquiry into women’s rights politics and policies. It is a record of the changes in the major areas affecting gender roles and the status of women: constitutional law, political participation, reproduction, family law, education, work and pay, work and family, sexuality and economic status." - publisher's summary excerpt



Annual Report on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies (MSAs) for Academic Program Year (APY) 2015-2016 
Department of Defense, 2017
call number: U.S. government document online

"The report on the three MSAs provides data on sexual harassment complaints and sexual assault reports involving cadets and/or midshipmen, as well as updates to policies, procedures, and processes implemented in response to sexual harassment and violence during the APY." - publisher's summary